where is peat found
Although peat production was mechanized and industrialized inâ¦. Some of the world’s oldest peat bogs have very dense, seemingly endless supplies of the decaying matter, though it is also available in smaller quantities on trees, rocks, and even on top of the soil in some places. In the early 21st century the top four peat producers in the world were Finland, Ireland, Belarus, and Sweden, and most of the major users of peat were these and other northern European countries. The ash is powdery and light, except for varieties that have a high content of inorganic matter. Over thousands of years, layers accumulate at a rate of about 0.5 to 1 millimeter per year. https://www.britannica.com/technology/peat, National Geographic - Education - Peat: The Forgotten Fossil Fuel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Energy Use of Peat, peatland - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), peat - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. After the glaciers melted, the water runoff filled in these areas. Peat is sometimes considered a âslowly renewable energyâ and is classified as a âsolid fossilâ rather than a biomass fuel by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. According to Xu et al. Most of the time, however, peat is a unique material.Peat forms in bogs. Different regions create different types of peat, which in turn give different flavours. group of islands at the southern tip of South America. Use these materials to explore the interconnected nature of resources and their distribution. These are soils high in organic matter content. The bodies of two Iron Age murder victims have been recovered from peat bogs in Ireland. Some countries in Europe – including Finland, Ireland and the UK – are contenders, but don’t operate commercial peat extraction on quite the same scale. A bog is a wetland of soft, spongy ground consisting mainly of partially decayed plant matter called peat. Lindow Man, also known as Lindow II and (in jest) as Pete Marsh, is the preserved bog body of a man discovered in a peat bog at Lindow Moss near Wilmslow in Cheshire, North West England. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Peat has widespread use as a plant-growth medium in a variety of horticultural and agricultural applications because its fibrous structure and porosity promote a combination of water … Food and Agriculture Organization: Energy Use of Peat, National Geographic News: Support for Saving Peatlands Is Squishy but Solidifying, International Energy Agency: StatisticsâCoal and Peat. On the other side of the spectrum, the desert southwestern region of the United States depends on the Central Arizona Project canals to transport water from the Colorado River in order to support agriculture and urban areas. Finland, Ireland, and Scotland are the biggest consumers of peat as a fuel. You cannot download interactives. Also called a cutover bog. The presence of oxygen (aerobic conditions) is necessary for fungal and microbial activity that promotes decomposition, but peat is formed in waterlogged soils with little or no access to oxygen (anaerobic conditions), largely preventing the complete decomposition of organic material. wetland bog from which peat has been removed by hand or industrial means. Peat bog near Enschede, Overijssel province, Netherlands. The transition to brown coal takes place slowly and is usually reached at depths ranging from 100 to 400 metres (approximately 330 to 1,300 feet). Mention "peat moss" and many people will conjure up the curly brown plant material that gardeners use. This is called milled peat. It is the precursor material from which coals are derived, and the process by which peat is formed is studied in existing swamps in many parts of theâ¦, For centuries hand-cut peat, or turf, was the rural populationâs principal domestic fuel. Harvesting peat moss. Peat formation exists on all continents and at all latitudes, including tropical marshes and swamps. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Peat is formed from the residues of dead plants whose aerial organs have become humified and mineralized in the aerated surface stratum of a bog (the peat-producing horizon) by soil invertebrates, bacteria, and fungi. As a result, its main industry is agriculture. Peat may be cut by spade in the form of blocks, which are spread out to dry. Acids have pH levels lower than 7. wetland of soft ground made mostly of decaying plant matter. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Â© 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Peatlands in Minnesota and latitudes farther n… The peat buried the remains of the Neolithic farms - at the Ceide Fields, county Mayo, Neolithic field walls have been found under a blanket bog. The formation of peat is the first step in the formation of coal. "Oh, the thing you get at Home Depot" is a common reaction Joel Kostka receives when he mentions that he studies peat moss. Been discouraged by conservationists with increased time and higher temperatures, these low-rank coals are gradually changed to lignite our... Began to form a salt preferred format the start of the many blanket bogs covering Scotland is often burned fuel! Matter under anaerobic conditions its abundance of fertile soil, looks like dark, solid fossil fuel its. Are gradually converted to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions to anthracite from fully.! 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